Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Nepalese Population

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health issue. Dietary vitamin D deficiency combined with insufficient exposure to the sun causes vitamin D scarcity. The Low level of Vitamin D is linked to various diseases such as Hypertension, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and autoimmune diseases. The main objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the adult's Nepalese population.

Patients and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study that was carried out in Kathmandu; Nepal.7075 patients were included in this study whose age was between 18 to 70 years. Vitamin D level was analyzed by quantitative chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) methods and Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 16.0 software.

Results: Out of 7075 patients, vitamin D deficiency was found in 53.17% population, whereas male’s had 11.85% and females had 37.31% deficiency.

Conclusion: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was high in the overall population. Vitamin D deficiency was found to be higher in females than males. The early detection of deficiency plays important role in the prevention of diseases


Satish Chandra Yadav and Dev Shankar Yadav*

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