Medical Case Reports is an open access, peer-reviewed online journal publishing original and educationally valuable case reports that expand the field of medicine. The journal covers all medical specialties comprising a comprehensive resource for physicians in all fields and at all stages of training.
The aim of the Journal is to provide a platform for the researchers and academicians throughout the world to speedily publish (at affordable fee), share and discuss rare and new findings in the areas of Medical Sciences.Medical Case Reports is an open access, peer-review journal which follows single-blind review system, it often follows Editorial Managing System for review process of an article.
Medical Case Reports delivers a focused valuable collection of cases in all disciplines so that healthcare professionals, researchers and others can easily find clinically important information on common and rare conditions. The journal mainly focuses on symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patient disease in different areas.
The journal covers all aspects from medical sciences including Diabetes Case Reports, Cancer Case Reports, HIV Case Reports, Obesity Case Reports, Abortion Case Reports, Mental Case Reports, Depression Case Reports, Cardiology, Clinical Biology, Developmental Biology, Dentistry, Genetics, Medical Biotechnology, Nephrology, Neurology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Orthopedics, Otorhinolaryngology, Pharmacology, Reproductive Biology, Rheumatology, Surgery, Urology etc.
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In medicine, a case report is a detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports may contain a demographic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Some case reports also contain a literature review of other reported cases. A case report is generally considered a type of anecdotal evidence. Given their intrinsic methodological limitations, including lack of statistical sampling, case reports are placed at the foot of the hierarchy of clinical evidence, together with case series.
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Medical case reports, Gynaecology & Obstetrics Case report, Medical & Clinical Reviews, Clinical Case Reports, Diabetes Case Reports, Oncology & Cancer Case Reports, Journal of Medical Case Reports, International Medical Case Reports Journal, Epilepsy and Behavior Case Reports, Medical Mycology Case Reports, Asian Case Research Journal, Clinical Case Studies, Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies, BMJ Case Reports, Case Reports in Dermatology, Case Reports in Gastroenterology, Case Reports in Neurology, Case Reports in Oncology, Case Reports in Ophthalmology
After declining substantially between 1995 and 2003, the worldwide abortion rate stalled between 2003 and 2008. Between 1995 and 2003, the abortion rate (the number of abortions per 1,000 women of childbearing age i.e., those aged 15-44) for the world overall dropped from 35 to 29. It remained virtually unchanged, at 28, in 2008. Nearly half of all abortions worldwide are unsafe, and nearly all unsafe abortions (98%) occur in developing countries. In the developing world, 56% of all abortions are unsafe, compared with just 6% in the developed world. The proportion of abortions worldwide that take place in the developing world increased between 1995 and 2008 from 78% to 86%, in part because the proportion of all women who live in the developing world increased during this period.
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Critical Care Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical case reports, Hospital case management : the monthly update on hospital-based care planning and critical paths, Journal of Medical Case Reports, American Journal of Case Reports, BMJ Case Reports, International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Clinical Medicine Insights: Case Reports, Clinical Medicine: Case Reports
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease that occurs when the human body is not able to produce enough of the hormone insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. High blood sugar produces symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger. Globally in 2013, it is estimated that almost 382 million people suffer from diabetes for a prevalence of 8.3%. North America and the Caribbean is the region with the higher prevalence of 11% having 37 million people with diabetes followed by the Middle East and North Africa with a prevalence of 9.2% having 35 million people with diabetes. Western Pacific is the region with higher number of people living with diabetes (138 million), however its prevalence is 8.6%, close to the prevalence of the World.
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Journal of Diabetes Medication & Care, Medical Case Reports, Diabetes Medication & Care, Diabetes & Metabolism, Diabetic Complications and Medicine, Endocrinology & Diabetes Research, Clinical Diabetes, Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, Current Diabetes Reports, Current Diabetes Reviews Diabetes, Diabetes and Metabolism, Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research, Diabetes Care, Diabetes Educator, Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Diabetes Reviews, Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental Case Reports
In 2012, an estimated 14.1 million new cases of cancer occurred worldwide more than 4 in ten cancers occurring worldwide are in countries at a low or medium level of Human Development Index (HDI). The four most common cancers occurring worldwide are lung, female breast, bowel and prostate cancer. These four account for around 4 in 10 of all cancers diagnosed worldwide. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in men worldwide. More than 1 in 10 of all cancers diagnosed in men are lung cancers. Worldwide, almost 32.5 million people diagnosed with cancer within the five years previously were alive at the end of 2012 (estimated). An estimated 169.3 million years of healthy live were lost globally because of cancer in 2008.
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Archives in Cancer Research, Colorectal Cancer: Open Access , Head and Neck Cancer Research, Journal of Adenocarcinoma, Journal of Neurooncology: Open Access, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Reviews on Cancer, Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, British Journal of Cancer, Ca-A Cancer Journal for Clinicians Cancer, Cancer and Metastasis Reviews, Cancer Causes and Control, Cancer Cell, Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, Cancer Letters, Cancer Research, Clinical Cancer Research, European Journal of Cancer, International Journal of Cancer, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Molecular Cancer Research, Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, Nature Reviews Cancer, Seminars in Cancer Biology
HIV is the world’s leading infectious killer. According to WHO, Exit Disclaimer an estimated 39 million people have died since the first cases were reported in 1981 and 1.5 million people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013. HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is one of the world’s most serious health and development challenges, According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Exit Disclaimer there were approximately 35 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS in 2013. Of these, 3.2 million were children (<15 years old). 2.1 million individuals worldwide became newly infected with HIV in 2013. This includes over 240,000 children (<15 years). Most of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa and were infected by their HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. A UNAIDS report Exit Disclaimer shows that 19 million of the 35 million people living with HIV today do not know that they have the virus. The vast majority of people living with HIV are in low- and middle-income countries. According to WHO, Exit Disclaimer sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region, with 24.7 million people living with HIV in 2013. Seventy-one percent of all people who are living with HIV in the world live in this region.
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Journal of HIV & Retro Virus, Advances in Influenza Research, Journal of Infectious Diseases and Treatment, HIV Medicine, Current HIV Research, HIV Clinical Trials, Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, Current HIV/AIDS Reports, Journal of HIV Therapy, Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children, Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine, Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services, HIV/AIDS policy law review / Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, HIV Therapy, Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention in Children and Youth, Future HIV Therapy, HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care, Pediatric AIDS and HIV Infection, Canadian HIV/AIDS policy & law review / Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, Archives of STD/hiv Research, HIV and AIDS Review, HIV clinician / Delta Region AIDS Education & Training Cente, Hopkins HIV report : a bimonthly newsletter for healthcare providers / Johns Hopkins University AIDS Service, Neurobehavioral HIV Medicine
In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese. Overall, about 13% of the world’s adult population (11% of men and 15% of women) were obese in 2014, 39% of adults aged 18 years and over (38% of men and 40% of women) were overweight. The worldwide prevalence of obesity more than doubled between 1980 and 2014. In 2013, 42 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese. Once considered a high-income country problem, overweight and obesity are now on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. In developing countries with emerging economies (classified by the World Bank as lower- and middle-income countries) the rate of increase of childhood overweight and obesity has been more than 30% higher than that of developed countries.
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Medical case reports, Journal of Childhood Obesity, Journal of Obesity & Eating Disorders, Childhood Obesity, Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Supplement, International Journal of Obesity, Journal of Obesity, Obesity, Obesity and Metabolism (Italy), Obesity Facts, Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, Obesity Reviews, Obesity Surgery, Open Obesity Journal, Pediatric obesity,Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Around 20% of the world's children and adolescents have mental disorders or problems. About half of mental disorders begin before the age of 14. Similar types of disorders are being reported across cultures. Neuropsychiatric disorders are among the leading causes of worldwide disability in young people. Yet, regions of the world with the highest percentage of population under the age of 19 have the poorest level of mental health resources. Most low- and middle-income countries have only one child psychiatrist for every 1 to 4 million people. Mental and substance use disorders are the leading cause of disability worldwide. Over 800 000 people die due to suicide every year and suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds. There are indications that for each adult who died of suicide there may have been more than 20 others attempting suicide. 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries. Mental disorders and harmful use of alcohol contribute to many suicides around the world. Early identification and effective management are key to ensuring that people receive the care they need.
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Journal of Dementia & Mental health, Medical case reports, Mental Health in Family Medicine, Aging and Mental Health, Community Mental Health Journal, Infant Mental Health Journal, Archives of Women's Mental Health, Journal of Mental Health, Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Issues in Mental Health Nursing, Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, Mental Health Services Research, International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Mental Health, Religion and Culture, Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Depression is a common illness worldwide, with an estimated 350 million people affected. Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become a serious health condition. It can cause the affected person to suffer greatly and function poorly at work, at school and in the family. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide. Suicide results in an estimated 1 million deaths every year.Even in some high-income countries, people who are depressed are not always correctly diagnosed, and others who do not have the disorder are occasionally misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants.The burden of depression and other mental health conditions is on the rise globally.
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Medical case reports, Acta Psychopathologica, Journal of Neuropsychiatry, Journal of Dementia & Mental health, Mental Health in Family Medicine, Clinical Depression, Depression and Anxiety, Depression Research and Treatment, Depression
Heart disease is responsible for the most deaths worldwide for both men and women of all races. Coronary artery disease, a blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the heart, is the most common type of heart disease. About 600,000 people in the United States die from heart disease every year—that’s one in four deaths. Every year, 715,000 Americans have a heart attack. Fifteen percent of people who have a heart attack will die from it. Heart disease affects whites and African Americans the most, accounting for 24.3 and 24.1 percent of deaths, respectively. Asians and Pacific Islanders are at third-highest risk for a heart disease-related death, at 22.5 percent. It accounts for 20.8 percent of deaths in the Hispanic community, and 17.9 percent in American Indians and Alaska Natives.
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Insights in Pediatric Cardiology, Invasive Cardiology: Future Medicine, Interventional Cardiology Journal, Medical case reports, American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, American Heart Journal, Circulation: Heart Failure, Congestive Heart Failure, European Journal of Heart Failure, European Heart Journal, European Heart Journal, Cardiovascular Imaging, European Heart Journal, Supplement Heart, Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care, Heart and Vessels, Heart Disease, Heart Failure Reviews, Heart Rhythm, Heart Surgery Forum, Indian Heart Journal, International Heart Journal, Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Journal of Heart Valve Disease, Texas Heart Institute Journal
Parkinson disease is a progressive, degenerative neurological movement disorder that affects approximately 6.3 million people worldwide. Although it typically develops after the age of 65, about 15% of people with the condition develop young-onset Parkinson disease before reaching age 50. As Parkinson disease progresses, it becomes increasingly disabling, making daily activities like bathing or dressing difficult or impossible. Many of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease involve motor control, the ability to control your muscles and movement. Approximately 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson disease each year, and this number does not reflect the thousands of cases that go undetected.An estimated seven to 10 million people worldwide are living with Parkinson disease.
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About 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to estimates from CDC's Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network. ASD is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. ASD is almost 5 times more common among boys (1 in 42) than among girls (1 in 189). Studies in Asia, Europe, and North America have identified individuals with ASD with an average prevalence of about 1%. A study in South Korea reported a prevalence of 2.6%. About 1 in 6 children in the United States had a developmental disability in 2006-2008, ranging from mild disabilities such as speech and language impairments to serious developmental disabilities, such as intellectual disabilities, cerebral palsy, and autism
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Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience, Interventional Neurology, Medical case reports, Autism-Open Access, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Autism, Autism Research, Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilitie, Molecular Autism, Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disab ilities
According to World Drugs report for 2012, 230 million people around the world - 1 in 20 in US - took illicit drugs in the last year. The report also says that problem drug users, mainly heroin - and cocaine-dependent people number about 27 million, roughly 0.6% of the world adult population. That′s 1 in every 200 people. The harmful use of alcohol results in 3.3 million deaths each year. On average every person in the world aged 15 years or older drinks 6.2 litres of pure alcohol per year. Less than half the population (38.3%) actually drinks alcohol, this means that those who do drink consume on average 17 litres of pure alcohol annually. At least 15.3 million persons have drug use disorders. Injecting drug use reported in 148 countries, of which 120 report HIV infection among this population.
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Medical case reports, Journal of Drug Abuse, Acta Psychopathologica, Journal of Neuropsychiatry, Addiction, Addiction Biology, Addiction Research and Theory, Addiction science & clinical practice, American Journal on AddictionsCJAM Canadian Journal of Addiction Medicine, European Addiction Research, Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems, International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, Journal of Groups in Addiction and Recovery, Journal of Maintenance in the Addictions, Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, Journal of Teaching in the Addictions, Journal of Addiction Medicine, Journal of Addictions and Offender Counseling, Journal of Addictions Nursing, Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity
The term spinal cord injury refers to damage to the spinal cord resulting from trauma (e.g. a car crash) or from disease or degeneration (e.g. cancer). There is no reliable estimate of global prevalence, but estimated annual global incidence is 40 to 80 cases per million population. Up to 90% of these cases are due to traumatic causes, though the proportion of non-traumatic spinal cord injury appears to be growing. Every year, around the world, between 250 000 and 500 000 people suffer a spinal cord injury (SCI). The majority of spinal cord injuries are due to preventable causes such as road traffic crashes, falls or violence. People with a spinal cord injury are two to five times more likely to die prematurely than people without a spinal cord injury, with worse survival rates in low- and middle-income countries. Spinal cord injury is associated with lower rates of school enrollment and economic participation, and it carries substantial individual and societal costs.
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Medical case reports, Spine Research, Journal of Neurology and Neuroscience, Insights in Clinical Neurology, Spinal Cord, Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, SCI nursing : a publication of the American Association of Spinal Cord Injury Nurses
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that about 805 million people of the 7.3 billion people in the world, or one in nine, were suffering from chronic undernourishment in 2012-2014. Nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 are attributable to undernutrition. This translates into the unnecessary loss of about 3 million young lives a year. Malnutrition puts children at greater risk of dying from common infections, increases the frequency and severity of such infections, and contributes to delayed recovery. In addition, the interaction between undernutrition and infection can create a potentially lethal cycle of worsening illness and deteriorating nutritional status. Poor nutrition in the first 1,000 days of a child’s life can also lead to stunted growth, which is irreversible and associated with impaired cognitive ability and reduced school and work performance.
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Medical case reports, Journal of Animal Nutrition, Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Pediatric Infectious Diseases: Open Access , Clinical Pediatrics & Dermatology, Journal of Pediatric Care, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Annual Review of Nutrition, British Journal of Nutrition Clinical Nutrition, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, European Journal of Nutrition, Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Journal of Nutrition, Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, Nutrition, Nutrition and Cancer, Nutrition Reviews, Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, Public Health Nutrition
Worldwide, osteoporosis causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds.Osteoporosis is estimated to affect 200 million women worldwide - approximately one-tenth of women aged 60, one-fifth of women aged 70, two-fifths of women aged 80 and two-thirds of women aged 90. Osteoporosis affects an estimated 75 million people in Europe, USA and Japan, for the year 2000, there were an estimated 9 million new osteoporotic fractures, of which 1.6 million were at the hip, 1.7 million were at the forearm and 1.4 million were clinical vertebral fractures. Europe and the Americas accounted for 51% of all these fractures, while most of the remainder occurred in the Western Pacific region and Southeast Asia. Worldwide, 1 in 3 women over age 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures, as will 1 in 5 men aged over 50. 80%, 75%, 70% and 58% of forearm, humerus, hip and spine fractures, respectively, occur in women. Overall, 61% of osteoporotic fractures occur in women, with a female-to-male ratio of 1.6. Nearly 75% of hip, spine and distal forearm fractures occur among patients 65 years old or over. A 10% loss of bone mass in the vertebrae can double the risk of vertebral fractures, and similarly, a 10% loss of bone mass in the hip can result in a 2.5 times greater risk of hip fracture
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Medical Case Reports, Translational Biomedicine, Journal of Infectious Diseases and Treatment, Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders, Osteoporosis International, Current Osteoporosis Reports, Archives of Osteoporosis, Journal of Osteoporosis, International Journal of Osteoporosis and Metabolic Disorders
Each year, the FDA receives several hundred thousand medical device reports of suspected device-associated deaths, serious injuries and malfunctions. Medical Device Reporting (MDR) is one of the postmarket surveillance tools the FDA uses to monitor device performance, detect potential device-related safety issues, and contribute to benefit-risk assessments of these products. Mandatory reporters (i.e., manufacturers, device user facilities, and importers) are required to submit certain types of reports for adverse events and product problems to the FDA about medical devices. In addition, the FDA also encourages health care professionals, patients, caregivers and consumers to submit voluntary reports about serious adverse events that may be associated with a medical device, as well as use errors, product quality issues, and therapeutic failures. These reports, along with data from other sources, can provide critical information that helps improve patient safety.
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Medical Case Reports, Journal of Informatics and Data Mining, Translational Biomedicine, Invasive Cardiology: Future Medicine, Medical Mycology: Open Access, Distributed and Parallel Databases, Database : the journal of biological databases and curation, Foundations and Trends in Databases
Medical transcription is part of the healthcare industry that renders and edits doctor dictated reports, procedures, and notes in an electronic format in order to create files representing the treatment history of patients. Health practitioners dictate what they have done after performing procedures on patients and MT’s transcribe the oral dictation and/or edit reports that have gone through speech recognition software. Pertinent up-to-date, confidential patient information is converted to a written text document by a medical transcriptionist (MT) which are called as the medical transcription reports. This text may be printed and placed in the patient's record and/or retained only in its electronic format. Medical transcription can be performed by MTs who are employees in a hospital or who work at home as telecommuting employees for the hospital; by MTs working as telecommuting employees or independent contractors for an outsourced service that performs the work offsite under contract to a hospital, clinic, physician group or other healthcare provider; or by MTs working directly for the providers of service (doctors or their group practices) either onsite or telecommuting as employees or contractors
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Medical Case Reports, Journal of Informatics and Data Mining, Translational Biomedicine, Invasive Cardiology: Future Medicine, Medical Mycology: Open Access, Journal of the American Association for Medical Transcription, Journal (American Association for Medical Transcription), Transcription
Veterinary Case Reports journals aims to publish cases in all disciplines so that veterinary professionals, researchers and others can easily find important information on both common and rare conditions pertaining to veternary. All articles are peer reviewed before publication.
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Arabidopsis C. Elegans and Zebrafish, FisheriesSciences, Journal of Animal Nutrition, Medical case reports, American Journal of Veterinary Research, Canadian Veterinary Journal, Equine Veterinary Journal, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Research in Veterinary Science, Veterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice, Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice, Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Veterinary Journal, Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary Record, Veterinary Research, Veterinary Surgery
Author(s): Douglas M Baughman, Cecilia S Lee, Brian E Snydsman and Hoon C Jung
Author(s): Kimihiko Okazaki
Author(s): Abhishek Onkar, Saurabh Samdariya, and Suwarna Suman
Author(s): Kimihiko Okazaki
Author(s): Aamir J Al-Mosawi
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